In 2023, the Syrian refugee crisis enters its twelfth year as one of the most devastating catastrophes of our time. This intractable conflict denies millions of Syrian children access to education; Syria will feel the effects of this outcome for generations. Neighbouring countries such as Lebanon continue to bear the heavy weight of its impact, deepening instability and chaos in a country with a defunct government on the brink of economic collapse. Although the readmittance of Syria to the Arab League occurred without any measures to hold the Assad regime accountable for its brutalities, war crimes, and human rights violations, this analysis seeks to understand how this new development can be leveraged to ameliorate the human suffering of millions of Syrians, especially as tensions continue to rise within host countries. To what extent do the advantages of sanctioning the Assad regime outweigh the immense hardship experienced by millions of refugees and displaced people inside Syria? Is there a humane and ethical way to isolate Assad himself without increasing the suffering of the Syrian people at home and in neighbouring countries?